Friday, June 11, 2021

Remembering the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre

 

Remembering the Tulsa Race Massacre

By Tom Warner


Aftermath of the Tulsa Race Massacre


May 31, 2021 marks the 100th anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre, when an angry white mob looted and burned down the thriving African-American Greenwood neighborhood of Tulsa, Oklahoma, killing as many as 300 residents. It has been called “the single worst incident of racial violence in American history,” injuring over 800 people and leaving 10,000 residents homeless. At the time, the 35-square-block Greenwood District was known as “Black Wall Street,” a vibrant community that had prospered throughout the early 20th century despite rampant discrimination in a highly segregated and hostile environment (the Ku Klux Klan headquarters was located just four blocks away) where Black prosperity made it a threat to white supremacy. Greenwood’s Black entrepreneurs had built and supported two movie theaters, two newspapers, two public schools, 15 grocery and drug stores, 13 churches, a library and several restaurants, funeral parlors, clubs and hotels.


But all of it disappeared after the events of May 31, 1921, when Black teenager Dick Rowland stumbled getting on an elevator at the Drexel Building and grabbed onto the young white elevator operator to steady himself. When operator Sarah Page screamed in response, Rowlands fled. Rumors of what happened on the elevator soon circulated throughout the city’s white community and that afternoon the Tulsa Tribune reported that police had arrested Rowland for sexually assaulting Page. As evening fell on May 31, an angry white mob gathered outside the courthouse to demand that Sheriff Willard McCullough hand over Rowland. He refused and his men barricaded the station to protect the teenager. With rumors of a possible lynching spreading, a group of around 75 armed Black men arrived at the courthouse, where then encountered over 1,500 white men, some of whom also carried weapons. Though the Black Tulsans fought hard to protect their homes and businesses, they were outgunned and outnumbered. By the time National Guard troops arrived in Tulsa on the morning of June 1, most of Greenwood had already been burned down.

Dick Rowland was ultimately exonerated, but an all-white grand jury blamed the Black community for the lawlessness and, despite overwhelming evidence, no whites were ever sent to prison for the murders and arson that transpired. Initially called the “Tulsa Race Riot,” historical hindsight has correctly relabeled the outbreak a “massacre.”
In a testament to the spirit of the community, the neighborhood rose from the ashes and by 1936 boasted the largest concentration of Black-owned businesses in the U.S. 

In commemoration of the centennial anniversary of this dark chapter in American history, PBS is rebroadcasting “Goin’ Back To T-Town,” a 1993 episode of its American Experience series about the Tulsa Race Massacre that mixes archival footage with commentary from survivors and historians. If you are unable to tune in or stream this documentary when it airs, you can use your library card to check out Goin’ Back To T-Town from Pratt Library's Best & Next Department’s video collection.


Another documentary available from Pratt Library, director Rachel Lyon’s award-winning Hate Crimes in the Heartland, focuses on two hate crimes set in Tulsa almost 90 years apart - the 1921 Greenwood massacre and the 2012 Good Friday murders - as it examines the racial animosity and inequality that still defines much of modern American society - as the Ferguson, Charleston, Trayvon Martin and George Floyd cases attest. By exploring these events set in a city forever divided, it reveals the dangerous connection between the media, race and social justice.


Hate Crimes in the Heartland (2016)


Want to learn more about the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre?
Pratt Library has over 20 print books and eBooks on the subject, including a number hand-picked by Pratt’s African-American Department:

If you have a chance, stop by the Af-Am Dept. to check out their Tulsa massacre display; these titles are also available from Pratt's Social Science & History Dept.

35 Comments:

Blogger Airlinesreservation247 said...

American Airlines Reservations

american airlines reservations number

United Airlines Reservations

united airlines reservations number

Alaska Airlines Reservations

Alaska Airlines Reservations Number

Delta Airlines Reservations

delta airlines reservation number

1:40 PM  
Anonymous Aakash Rana said...

Thanks for sharing this informative article.

For best Car Transportation Services you can visit on our website.

9:11 AM  
Blogger jenifer027 said...

As soon as the summer starts, people start looking for best places to visit in india during the summer vacation. If you are also planning to go to such a place to get rid of the heat, then there are many places to visit in summer in India where you can enjoy your summer vacation this time.tourist places in india

6:29 AM  
Blogger Jason Berge said...

Amazing post! Your given information is really informative and useful. Thanks for sharing your blog post. For subscription billing platform you can visit our website for such a Best and professional services.

12:25 AM  
Blogger Riya Rai said...

Nice article and very useful thanks for share with us.
Welcome to our website:-
Ahmedabad Escorts | Ahmedabad Escorts

6:37 AM  
Blogger Bed Pari Bangalore Escorts said...

Thanks for sharing this brilliant article it was a very useful and helpful article.

Escort Services In Bangalore
Bangalore Escorts Service
Basaveshwara Nagar escorts
celebrity escorts in bangalore
Vijaynagar Escorts
Russian Escorts In Bangalore

2:14 AM  
Blogger Bangalore Escorts Divya Goal said...

Escorts near sterlings mac hotel bangalore
Escorts service near the chancery pavilion Bangalore
Independent Bangalore Escorts
Bangalore Escorts Services
Hifi Escorts
housewife escort

3:56 AM  
Blogger Lorriel Sims said...

Some say it was given that name at the time for insurance purposes. garage conversion las vegas

10:52 AM  
Blogger Rajnish Kumar said...

Dynode Software is a Web Development service provider. It specializes in Enterprise App Modernization, UX/UI Design, Mobile App Development, Software Development, Web Development services. Look out top software development companies in Patna.

2:37 AM  
Blogger Jack J said...

I'm in Europe and I never even heard of the Tulsa Race Massacre. Thanks for posting about this.

PS: You really ought to switch a spam filter on and avoid all these (above posted) shit comments from advertisers.

6:23 AM  
Blogger air light said...

Best Duct Cleaning in Aventura
Best Air Duct Cleaning in Bal Harbour
Best Air Duct Cleaning in Hollywood
Best Air Conditioning Repair in Fort Lauderdale
Best Air Conditioning Service in Fort Lauderdale
Best Air Duct Cleaning in Bal Harbour
Duct Replacement Services in Bal Harbour
Best Air Duct Cleaning in North Miami
Best Air Duct Cleaning in Fort Lauderdale
AC Unit Replacement in Aventura
AC Installation Service in Aventura
Air Conditioning Installation in Aventura
Residential Air Conditioning Repair in Hollywood
Commercial Air Conditioning Repair in Hollywood
HVAC Repair Service in North Miami
Best AC Repair Service in North Miami

8:52 AM  
Blogger Rajnish Kumar said...

PMS ERP Simple GST Retail Billing in Patna with complete inventory and accounts modules. It's fast, reliable and easy to maintain. Ideal for businesses that have a large number of invoices and deals in 100's of SKU's. Typically used by distributors, retailers and small manufacturers.

4:04 AM  
Blogger lifeline said...


Thanks for your life sever blogg.thanks for your important time

Chandigarh Escort chandigarh Call Girls

call girls in chandigarh

zirakpur call girl zirakpur escort

mohali escort mohali call girls

Escort Panchkula Panchkula call Girls

ludhiana call girls Ludhiana Escort

Chandigarh Escort Call Girl Chandigarh

Zirakpur Call Girls Zirakpur Escort

Solan Escort Solan Call Girl

ambala escort ambala call girl

call girls in jammu jammu Escort service

goa escort service call girl goa

pune call girl pune escort

shimla call girl Shimla Escort

vip escort manali call girl Manali

kolkata call girl kolkata Escort

kasauli escort Call Girl Kasauli

3:19 PM  
Blogger Johnfobra said...

Nice articles, Good post, Keepit up.
InterSystems
InterSystems Caché
InterSystems cache
InterSystems ensemble
InterSystems healthshare
InterSystems jobs
Cache Object Script
Ensemble programmer
Ensemble developer
InterSystems big data
Mumps programmer
Mumps developer
Mumps language
InterSystems IRIS
IRIS Programmer
IRIS Developer
https://www.4wtech.com

12:46 AM  
Blogger Johnfobra said...

Nice Content to read,Join Salesforce, InterSystems IRIS, and 4W technlogies as we discuss how to deliver more effective and personalized patient care before and after discharge.Terminology is complicated, but your terminology solution doesn’t have. to be. 4W Managed Terminology, powered by HealthTerm, simplifies. our customers’ semantic management needs so they can. Also if any need to learn Spoken English Classes in Chennai.this is posted by Jayamm Digital Marketing in chennaiDigital Marketing Agency in chennai

12:39 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services

2:23 AM  
Blogger Alka said...


Your article is very interesting. thanks for share information


General Information
will smith net worth
Deepika Padukone
ethan-wacker-height
heidi-gardner-height
ethan-wacker-height
emma-stone-height

2:30 AM  
Blogger Deepak Kumar said...

Best Web Development Company In Patna Dynode Software is a trusted provider of web designing, Cloud Consulting, DevOps and Blockchain development services. We stand for building reliable, cost-efficient, and compliance (HIPAA/GDPR/PCI) public cloud infrastructures

12:35 AM  
Blogger Kumbakonam Filter Coffee said...

Excellent Blog! I would like to thank for the efforts you have made in writing this post.
Kumbakonam Filter Coffee Powder

1:43 AM  
Blogger Brooklyn Smith said...

If you need marketing assignment help service with affordable prices, GoAssignmentHelp.com is the right choice for you and Try out our services if you want A grade. We know very well that the thought of a delayed submission can instantly evoke nightmares of a ‘F’ grade in your mind. But don’t worry we are always with our customer’s. GoAssignmentHelp.com cover almost all subject field and our team of writers are qualified personals in different field of study, thus we are able to serve everybody be it any topic area. Our online assignment writers can help in your online essay, assignment writing on various subjects like, accounting, programming, physics homework help, economics, logistics management, swift programming and many others top important topics. You’ll only give us instructions on the topics, length, urgency, citation style, duration and quality level for your project. We’ll do the hard work and make you look like a champion in academic writing. So, contact us if you require any buy assignment online services and a premium quality work hard to achieve the best results.

10:06 AM  
Blogger Dr. Anoop Jhurani said...

Knee Replacement in Jaipur
very good post thank you for sharing here on this page

1:20 AM  
Blogger Dr. Anoop Jhurani said...

Thank's for sharing this valuable information.
Knee Replacement in Jaipur
Best Knee Replacement Doctor in Jaipur
Best Knee Replacement Surgeon in Jaipur
Robotic Joint Replacement India
Robotic Knee Replacement in India

6:15 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services

8:06 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services
Corporate Video Production
Video Editing Services
Video Production Services
Feature Film Production
Wedding Film Production services

8:07 AM  
Blogger david anderson said...

Seek the assistance of our Online Assignment Help in Canada and complete your tasks with utmost precision, without compromising on your studies. When we write your assignments, you get enough time to concentrate on your studies and focus on other academic works.

2:25 AM  
Blogger Delhi Escorts Service said...

Very Nice Post. Beautifull photos. Thanks for sharing. Contact @ +91-9818720667 Visit :

Best Escort Service Delhi
College Girl Escorts Service In Delhi
Escorts Service In Gurgaon
Escorts Service In Mahipalpur
Escorts Service In Karolbagh
Independent Escorts Service Noida
Escorts Service In Aerocity
Escorts Service In Connaught Place

2:47 AM  
Blogger Godrej Pest Control said...

For the best pest control services in Gurgaon and Delhi, you can contact Godrej Pest Control Gurgaon and safeguard your home and office from the attack of various pests. We as a whole expect that your home ought to be sound and safe for your children and family, so we need to do some significant things to keep it safe and clean.

7:05 AM  
Blogger Sofia Bajaj said...

You will always get top class flavor when you take our Mumbai Escorts Service. There is no such time when you will face any adulterate attempt. We always give you the priority and thus build the session that justifies your needs.

Mumbai Escorts
Mumbai Escort Service

1:44 AM  
Blogger kathleen whittington said...

Really thanks for sharing this useful post !! This post is very informative and I have got very good information.
online subscription management

6:25 AM  
Blogger onlinebedsheet.com said...

Hello, I'm Rohit Saxena. Amazing post, thanx for sharing with us. keep sharing on similar type post.
If you want everything perfect around yourself in your home,
you can achieve this perfection by using the perfect bedding sets and
duvet covers. The atmosphere of your bedroom, the ambience, colors, décors, fabrics, etc.
can add to your feeling of comfort.
Buy Online Bedsheet | Buy Bedsheet Online | Online Bedsheet

2:11 PM  
Blogger Unknown said...

There are lots of health benefits of ayurvedic massage. Ayurvedic massage helps in reducing stress, blood pressure, softening skin, weight loss, etc.

9:16 AM  
Blogger Godrej Pest Control said...


Omg!! What a fantastic post. The points you have mentioned are awesome. Highly Appreciated.
Last night I had a dream that my house is under a termite attack and i called godrej as they are offering termite control services in gurgaon.

3:54 AM  
Blogger Rajnish Kumar said...

https://worldwidetopsiteslist.blogspot.com/2021/06/home-based-business-tools-you-need.html#comment-form

8:57 AM  
Blogger escortchandigarhagency said...


Thanks for your life saver and time saver zblogg.thanks for your important time

Chandigarh Escort chandigarh Call Girls

call girls in chandigarh

zirakpur call girl zirakpur escort

Chandigarh Escort chandigarh Call Girls

call girls in chandigarh

zirakpur call girl zirakpur escort

mohali escort mohali call girls

Panchkula Escort Panchkula call Girls

ludhiana call girls Ludhiana Escort

Chandigarh Escort Call Girl Chandigarh

Zirakpur Call Girls Zirakpur Escort

ambala escort ambala call girl

jammu Escort Jammu Call Girl

goa escort service goa call girl

pune escort Pune Call girls

shimla Escorts Shimla Call Girls

Manali escort manali call girl Manali

kolkata Escort Kolkata Call Girl

kasauli escort Kasauli call girls

Amritsar Call Girl Amritsar escort

Jalandhar Escorts Jalandhar Call Girls

2:30 PM  
Anonymous ToolsZap said...

Toolszap is a group buy tool service which helps new bloggers to purchase high priced SEO tools and blogging related stuff at the lowest price.

4:40 AM  

Post a Comment

<< Home